Education Opportunity Network

Education Opportunity Network -

State Governments Continue An Assault On Public Schools

Nearly two years ago, a North Carolina classroom teacher wrote to her state legislature that her salary of $31,000 “is wholly insufficient to support my family. So insufficient, in fact, that my children qualify for and use Medicaid as their medical insurance, and since there is simply no way to deduct $600 per month from my meager take-home pay in order to include my husband on my health plan, he has gone uninsured. We work opposite shifts to eliminate childcare costs.

“Higher teacher pay may be unpopular,” she argued, “and I am aware it is difficult to see the connection between teacher pay and a quality education for students, so I will try to make it clear. Paying me a salary on which I can live means I can stay in the classroom, and keeping me in the classroom means thousands of students over the next decade would get a quality education from me. It’s that simple.”

Declaring she could “see no end in sight to the assault on teacher pay,” she concluded she might have to leave the profession. Although it isn’t clear what she ultimately decided – the blog where she posted her letter has not had an entry in over a year – she would find whatever kind of end she had in mind still nowhere near in sight.

A small salary increase passed by the state in 2014 gave experienced teachers like her little help. This year, the state has yet to make up its mind on how to support public schools, but the state senate is pushing to eliminate state-paid health retirement benefits for any new teachers hired into the system, and whichever new pay raises are passed, teachers in the Tarheel state will have to work ten years before they see an annual salary of $40,000.

But what the North Carolina teacher calls “an assault on teacher pay” is actually an assault on public education budgets altogether, and it’s not limited to her state.

An Assault On School Children

In Philadelphia, schools are so poorly funded they’ve become “a health threat,” according to a report from The Philadelphia Enquirer. “In a sweep of Philadelphia public schools, investigators from the City Controller’s Office found a litany of health and safety threats.” Ninety-five percent of schools visited had water damage, and many bathrooms had cockroaches on floors, and toilets were fouled with waste. Seventy percent of the schools had electrical hazards, and 75 percent had fire hazards.

In New Jersey, there are similar dire situations in public schools. The Education Law Center has looked at under-funded school districts in that state and found bread, deep cuts to education programs for struggling students who need the most help

In Egg Harbor Township, lack of funding has forced the district to cut 100 staff positions since 2009-10, increase class sizes, keep kindergarten classes at half-day only, and limit preschool to only 72 students, “a small fraction of the more than 900 students eligible.” The district has cut elementary world language and music and elementary and middle school gifted and talented programs and is longer offering summer school for middle and high school students, or math and reading specialists to help middle school students who have fallen behind. Extracurricular activities such as middle school athletics, honors programs, and high school clubs are history. The few non-academic programs remain have “pay to play” fees which limit low-income kids from participating.

In another Jersey district, Elizabeth, the district no longer has the funds to give struggling students extended learning available from afterschool and summer school. “Elizabeth is a large, urban school district serving about 23,000 students. The student body is 90 percent black or Hispanic; 82 percent of students qualify for free or reduced price lunch, and 17 percent have limited English proficiency.”

In the Lindenwold district, funding is so inadequate elementary and middle schools specialists – including art, music, and therapists – provide instruction from movable carts or in small spaces, such as media rooms or offices. “The elementary schools have no designated gymnasium, assembly, or cafeteria space; instead, each school has one multipurpose room suitable for only half the student body.”

Across the country in Nevada, as ELC reports again, a new analysis of that state’s education budget finds it “reduces most districts’ general operating budgets for the 2015-2016 school year.”

This means districts will have to “freeze teacher salaries, increase class size, and make painful cuts to teacher and support staffs, programs, and other essential resources,” including cuts to services for the state’s fast-growing segment of English language learners.

In Washington state, In These Times reports, “at least 30,000 teachers” in 65 school districts recently participated in a rolling strike across the state to protest “unacceptably high class sizes and low pay.”

Who’s To Blame

The culprits in this gross mismanagement of public education are the state legislatures and governors now in charge of public administration and policy leadership.

Despite some signs in the fall of 2014 that political leadership in this country might uphold school resources needs, “only a handful of states that cut money for education during the recession have increased it again during the economic recovery,” a recent report from McClatchy explains in June 2015. The article looks at analysis from a recent study, conducted by Rutgers professor Bruce Baker and the ELC, and found only four states – Illinois, Wyoming, Connecticut, and West Virginia – are spending more on education than they did before the recession in 2008. Fourteen states salt the wounds that lack of funding does to school kids by providing less money to districts with higher concentrations of poor students. “Only 15 states spend more for students in high-poverty schools.”

Despite generally favorable, although modest, improvements in state revenue collections and budget growth – as reported by the National Association of State Budget Officers – political leaders in many states are struggling to pass budgets, often because funding education is the biggest impediment. As The New York Times reports, “While governments routinely wrestle with budgets, experts said the number of states with unfinished plans and the amount of discord over questions of tax level, pension policy and education spending were unusual.”

States where political party differences have created divided governments – such as Pennsylvania, Minnesota, and Illinois – have experienced feuds over spending levels on early childhood education and teacher pensions. But even in states with Republican governors and majorities in both legislative chambers – such as North Carolina and Wisconsin – “have found themselves mired in budget battles,” according to the Times.

As another report from the Times notes, the struggle to adequately fund education “is not simply a reflection of state economies still struggling to recover. Experts say politics and policy have also played a role.

“Of the seven states with the deepest cuts in education from kindergarten to 12th grade, six – Arizona, Idaho, Kansas, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Wisconsin – also cut income tax rates, leading to a series of vigorous protests and public disputes between lawmakers and educators that are still playing out.”

Some of the individual actions these state governments are taking are just atrocious.

Awful Things States Are Doing

As the above report from the Times explains, “Arizona in particular has been crippled by several years of targeted cuts at the state level and local voters’ repeated refusals to raise property taxes to offset these shortfalls.” A school principal quoted in the article explains this means he has $68 for each of his 620 students over the school year to pay for “toilet paper and printing paper; athletic equipment and arts materials; and light bulbs, small repairs and cleaning materials.” Next year, he’ll have $52 per student. Another district as had to cut 170 positions since 2010, freeze teachers’ salaries, and delay replacing its aging buses, and clean out its rainy-day fund. Yet another district will be forced to “operate on a four-day week when the new school year starts in August, a system already in place in 41 of the 230 districts in the state.”

In Wisconsin, according to a knowledgeable source writing at The Washington Post blogsite operated by Valerie Strauss, that state’s new budget “cuts $250 million from the University of Wisconsin system, holds overall K-12 funding flat in the first year with modest increases in the second (which, given inflation, means cuts). And while programs promoting privately run charters are expanded, the budget eliminates Chapter 220 – a metropolitan-wide program designed to reduce racial segregation in public schools and improve equal opportunity for students of color. The budget is also expanding the statewide voucher program, under which tax dollars are funneled into private, overwhelmingly religious schools.”

In New Jersey, “preschool-12th grade public school children will see no increase as the final budget enacts Governor Christie’s proposal for a seventh straight year of reduced or flat funding,” according to ELC. In the meantime, Governor Christie’s proposal ensure the transfer of an extra $37.5 million to charter schools from district budgets, and “the Governor maintained a new allocation of $5.75 million to pay for security in private and religious schools.”

In Iowa, according to The Des Moines Register, “Schools will not receive $55.7 million in additional funding that had been approved by the Legislature for the 2015-16 school year after Gov. Terry Branstad vetoed the line item from a budget bill.”

In Ohio, “Gov. John Kasich took a break from his presidential campaign to cut another $78 million from school districts by eliminating tangible personal property (TPP) tax reimbursement payments in the 2016-2017 school year,” according to Stephen Dyer, the Education Policy Fellow at a state-based progressive advocacy group. Dyer added that the legislature also failed “to pass the first meaningful charter school reform bill since the program started, even though a a majority of the Ohio House was willing to pass the much-improved bill that flew through the Ohio Senate unanimously. So the two-year-long, bipartisan effort to reform Ohio’s nationally ridiculed charter school system came up short, keeping this state’s national joke of a system in place.”

In Pennsylvania, newly elected Democratic governor Tom Wolf vetoed the Republican-backed budget it its entirety because, “it failed to adequately fund public education or provide property-tax relief to homeowners.”

In Washington state, budget passage has been stymied by lawmakers’ unwillingness to pass funding increases to meet class size reduction mandates voted on by the people. That state is chronically non-compliant with court-ordered funding levels for education.

There Are Alternatives

California continues to be a positive exception to the overwhelming inadequacy and inequity in state funding. As Politico reports, “California state lawmakers and Gov. Jerry Brown agreed on a budget … coming up with a $115 billion plan that includes $14.3 billion for K-12 schools and community colleges. It also includes $6 billion to continue implementing a funding formula that directs money to ‘students who face the greatest challenges,’ Brown’s office said.”

If California can do more to support public schools, certainly other states can too. Further, those states that fund schools more equitably can be held up as models for the rest of the nation, and federal authorities could pressure states to adhere to those examples in much the same way the US Department of Education has succeeded in pressuring states to adopt all kinds of measures. The federal government could also do more to support the numerous lawsuits now being conducted against states to force them to uphold their constitutional duties to provide adequate funding for education.

To break political impasses, state lawmakers should consider proposals that reflect the entire repertoire of potential measures available to governing bodies. That repertoire is on display at the website of the Opportunity to Learn Campaign. OTL’s “toolkit” for raising education revenue features “23 different options within three,” including 14 Personal Income Tax options (such as “Millionaire’s Taxes” and “Estate Tax” options, six Business Tax Options aimed at reducing corporate tax avoidance or eliminating special business tax breaks, and three Sales and Excise Tax options. [Disclosure, OTL is a partner organization with the Education Opportunity Network.]

Significantly boosting education spending – and the equity of that spending – now may be too late to save committed and experienced teachers like the one in North Carolina who asked to simply be paid a decent wage. But school children everywhere need political leaders to come through for their sake.

  • sharsand2013 says:

    I hope people are starting to realize that this is an assault by the neo-liberal (Ayn Randians), plutocrats, billionaires, to control every aspect of our lives for profits for themselves. Americans must wake up before it’s too late. This is called “austerity” and just look at what it’s done for and to Greece. Blame is diverted to “lazy people who just want everything for nothing,” while most public corporations and billionaires outsource jobs and profits to avoid paying their fair share of taxes. It’s called corporate welfare.

    July 9, 2015 at 2:08 pm
    • Leslie Giles says:

      I suggest you look up the definition of “liberal”. Those of us who are liberal want to see a change from government controlled by the one percent to government more responsive to the wishes of the majority of the American people.

      July 10, 2015 at 6:03 am
  • marilyn brenneman says:

    our country will never be great since we keep killing off teachers and public education. other countries make teachers , children and education a high priority!

    July 9, 2015 at 2:53 pm
  • jimmy midnight says:

    It’s become pretty clear that public funding for education, even better than infrastructure and healthcare, brings optimum economic stimulation. Let’s tax wealth more, perhaps with a financial transaction tax, and throw the resulting money at education!

    July 9, 2015 at 3:29 pm
  • Ronda Evans says:

    Elected officials Dirty Little Secret that Kills: When 95% of our created wealth, $30 trillion since 2009 go to the 1%, our battle isn’t with each other, or with other countries. Our battle needs to stay focused on taxing the rich, closing the corporate loopholes, and shutting down the too big to fail banks. Time to rain the money on the people. $5.2 trillion is given to the fossil fuel industry by our elected leaders, and it would only take $500 billion to bring every man, women, and child in the world out of extreme poverty. We need to fight at every level possible. Let your Senator know, you know their dirty secret. They give away our tax money to the rich, the corporations, and the bankers off the top prior to addressing the needs of the country. This is unconstitutional, illegal, and criminal resulting in killing millions of people. Time to keep track of the death toll from policies that kill. We need to stop them before we become like Greece or Palestine.

    July 9, 2015 at 3:29 pm
  • shelli b says:

    We need a clear, unequiVOCAL, mantra: “Rid Us of Republicans!”. Every thing they have done in our recent past has been WRONG. Their economic philosophy, for which they get their supposed expertise and “voteability”, is a clear indication of their unworthiness for democratic office: “USE OTHER PEOPLE’S MONEY” . This hypocritical ideology enables them to plunder from the American people America’s future in the name of “Capitalism”. It is just code for a campaign to control the resources of the American people for their personal gain. Let’s call it what it really is: Treachery and Treason.

    July 9, 2015 at 6:53 pm
    • Scott A. Weir says:

      It’s not JUST Republicans, although I swore off voting for any who did not repudiate their party’s positions on most major issues 20 years ago. Unfortunately there are plenty of DINOs in Congress who consistently vote with the Republicans. No fewer than fourteen Senate Democrats voted to approve “fast track” treatment for the NEXT SIX YEARS for “trade agreements” negotiated in secret that cede to trans-national corporations the right to sue any governmental body in the US for claimed damages to their profits as a result of any domestic law (such as preference for locally produced goods), in amounts many times that of any conceivable damages they might or might not suffer. Such suits would be decided by arbitration tribunals staffed by corporate law firms with close connections to the corporations filing the suits. Make you want to throw up? Good: it’s called “fascism,” the alignment of the interests of government and business against the interest of the public (see “Greece, ” above).

      July 10, 2015 at 2:40 am
    • Lee Helms says:

      Unfortunately, the Republicans have gerrymandered too many “safe” districts. It will take a tremendous turnout of Democrats to return control of state legislatures and governorships to the people.

      July 10, 2015 at 4:54 am
  • Scott A. Weir says:

    It’s not all the fault of the feckless state legislatures as such, as many of their members are in thrall to The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), which writes and promotes “model legislation” and wines and dines state legislators while “educating” them in the importance of toadying to corporate interests, or to similar organizations such as the .American Enterprise Institute organized and funded by large corporate interests — the big ones you know and love.

    The solution is as obvious as it is simple: Deed all public school assets, kindergarten through grad school, to private corporations, no strings attached, and accompanied by all public funds previously directed to these “failing” public schools. Encourage them to dismiss all of the “bad teachers” and replace them with “teaching machines.” That will free up the “magic of the marketplace” to generate untold resources to educate students in the classical manner while also preparing them for high-paying, cutting-edge jobs in a reinvigorated economy resulting from austerity in government spending.

    Right. And if you believe that, you might be interested in some beautiful ocean front property I have for sale in northwest Georgia. It isn’t ocean front quite yet, but I guarantee that it soon will be.

    Full disclosure: I am a card-carrying economist, and like a growing number of my colleagues even in this reactionary country, I say, “Don’t trust anything any economist tells you, including me. Note that I did NOT say that EVERYTHING every economist says is false. I just suggested that you would do well to google it to death and use your own critical thinking capacities to judge its validity.

    July 10, 2015 at 2:52 am
  • paulpnasuti says:

    We need a big picture change.

    The battles in place that end up referring to economical imbalances begin with the educations you and I received. They took our innate intelligences and molded them into the pattern of thinking expressed above and that which sits in the opposition’s camp as well. We, all of us, have become complacent with the pedagogy that has given us the world we see around us. In that world we seek solutions by focusing on the extremes of our accumulated wisdom. Once we find our sacred ground we become emotional, defensive and simplistic. These are the grounds for using our common energies that allow us the freedom to join circular arguments.

    The old pedagogy, the Victorian model, did well for its time. Its ignorance of psychology, ecology and genetics did not keep us from the relative breadth of longer, healthier, richer lives more of us enjoy. But it is based in a lack of germane data. Adult leadership needs take what is good and make it better. The systemic adoption of an education model that represents all of what we know instead of only the parts that satisfy the status quo, is now necessary.

    I propose a shift to an Earth based education model. Man did not invent intelligence. When Homo sapiens arrived on planet Earth, his evolved from that which preceded him. The model dictates giving every child at every grade level a real world, hands on, multi-sensory, interdisciplinary experience, in each community’s natural settings, led by educational specialists. There the system will support growth of both innate and learned intelligences by connecting state learning objectives with the air, water and soil products of which we are all made. Activities and projects sent back with the classroom “teacher” (learning guide, really), will extend the reach of a broader, bolder approach to child development. Its end product will be whole, better balanced children availing the win/win solutions we might be seeking to nearly every challenge of the moment.

    I’m not implying that we give up the fights spoken of above. The spirit of the article we have responded to and the messages sent like mine, are right on, in my opinion. But conversation inside the box that is Institutional Education must also begin regarding leaving the past behind, beginning with how we educators share hope through the wisdom of the world, by beginning at the beginning; with planet Earth.

    July 10, 2015 at 12:17 pm
  • geraldtv1906 says:

    It is surprisingly easy for people like Governor Scott Walker to steal teacher’s retirement funds. Walker lies, and says that the state needs money and the teacher retirement plans are too lush. In truth, before Reaganomics, these plans were not lush, – they were average. The only reason they look good today is because the plutocrats have destroyed the middle class, along with their pensions and jobs. Since the average American is making peanuts now with no hope of a decent retirement, the previously average salaries and average retirement plans of former and current teachers look like Shangri-la. And dumb-A—s like Walker, who did not finish college, have no idea how important knowledge is for a strong economy in a modern Democracy.

    July 20, 2015 at 9:50 pm

Leave a Reply